The US Global Fragility Act (GFA) is a landmark law that addresses the challenges of fragility. It called on the US government to adopt new ways of working to better assist fragile states. The White House recently announced the long-awaited list Countries and territories Where GFA will run for a 10-year period, which will be governed by the US global fragility Strategy.
The strategy creates a critical, but broad and ambitious framework to help fragile states emerge from their predicament. The concern is how to implement such an ambitious framework প্রচার promoting human rights and the rule of law, as well as strengthening service delivery, governance, and security agencies, and improving early warning and natural resource management — among other things. To encourage Vibrant civil society, private sector and free media.
To effectively manage these efforts, the U.S. government must focus on the three core components of the strategy, which collectively provide space for organized strategy, planning and management procedures, and strategic partnerships, dialogue, and joint action.
These key elements align with an emerging “resilience fragility” Example Within the development community, which focuses on achieving more effective foreign aid and development cooperation.
We highlight the following three main components and recommend the following steps:
1. A fragility of the elasticity method
The U.S. Global Fragility Strategy focuses on four goals প্রতিরোধ prevention, stability, partnership, and management. Although not clear from these goals, the underlying structure of the strategy for achieving them lies in resilience. Resilience is the identification of potentially complex crisis risks and the ability to exploit, adapt, and adapt to these risks, their root causes, and subsequent crises.
The strategy confirms that “the United States will adopt a multifaceted, multi-sectoral approach to strengthen the resilience of partner countries.” To do this, it outlines a framework using resilient language: “Fragile countries often face complex shocks and pressures, including civil unrest, complex humanitarian emergencies, natural disasters and economic instability. The United States will use diplomacy (including public engagement), assistance, investment, defense engagement, and other tools to help partners end chronic or recurrent crises and to absorb, adapt, and recover from such pressures and pressures. “
The use of resilience in the U.S. Global Vulnerability Strategy is vital to the successful implementation of GFA as a guide framework and alignment with new approaches to apply resilience to resistance and Stability Efforts report “Path to Peace” Highlights The need to shift from early warning to risk and resilience perspectives for further upstream prevention efforts, as early warning signals can often appear too late when remedial options are limited.
Furthermore, if resistance fails, a resilience framework will direct the U.S. government’s efforts to strengthen local power and to exploit and adapt to emerging shocks so that they do not become a complete disaster and transform systems, institutions and social contracts. Crisis Although resistance has always been part of the idea of resilience, it has long been placed in a programmatic silo. The Pathways report helps to overcome this Observation That’s the best way to resist elasticity.
A potential impediment to the approach to the strategy is that for many in the U.S. policy community, resilience is still synonymous with food security. To address this misconception, champions for a broader U.S. government approach to resilience must emphasize how other major donors (e.g. European Union And Office of Foreign Affairs, Commonwealth and Development) And multilateral institutions (e.g. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), World Bank, And United Nations) This change is embraced. Similarly, how they can highlight State Department And for the USAID program Health And Education Has applied a broad concept of resilience to deal with fragility.
Since the Bureau for Humanitarian Aid finalizes its own Structure To deal with complex crises, it can use resilience as an umbrella structure for relief and recovery efforts. Methods of relief and recovery are still very much there Concentrated Not on building human resilience and resilience to risk and crisis.
In order to make the best use of an elastic framework, the U.S. global fragility strategy must use political settlement analysis to identify the types of clientelism and elite capture that create the root cause of exclusion and make marginalized groups more vulnerable to crisis. The strategy implies the need for political will, but this reference greatly simplifies the complex patterns of patronage that may hinder the best intentions of national reformers রাজনৈতিক political will. Associated with this is a broad research agenda Aristocratic bargaining, Governance reformAnd Service delivery In a violent context, and Anti-corruption Which can contribute to a politically informed approach to strengthen the resilience of partner countries.
2. Adaptive management
Just as the proverb says that planning is essential but plans are useless, so too will the US be a global fragility strategy without an adaptive management approach.
Often, support is provided through rigorous approaches to premeditated solutions and implementations that fix resources, partners, and timelines without the ability to transform new learning into risks, crises, or complex political economies.
Adaptive approaches allow for more dynamic collaboration with local stakeholders, intentional learning, and course modification in the face of fragility. The GFA acknowledges the need for a 10-year approach to various fragile states and the need to institutionalize adaptive management, perhaps its greatest achievement.
The U.S. government এবং and in particular USAID সহায়তা has made significant progress in further adapting assistance. This includes efforts Adaptive collection Process and more rigorous education Approach In the context of fragility
Adaptive management needs to shift from increasingly small project preservation Portfolio Approaches within the U.S. government to share relevant insights, determine what is working, and provide resources and leadership signals accordingly, and “Psychological securityFor teams to test with evidence-based risky methods, but often rationally Guess, Since data is often notoriously difficult to come by in fragile settings.
Beyond the portfolio approach, the U.S. government and the wider development community must promote the use of adaptive management at the partnership level in order to gather rich relevant and operational insights and more resources from various stakeholders in recent times. Argued By the World Bank’s Independent Assessment Group.
3. Country platform
Wherever they are possible, Country platform The best place for the U.S. government to promote adaptive management and partnerships with government, civil society, business and international partners. These are government-led bodies, usually designed to promote political and policy dialogue, mutual accountability, and joint action through sector groups at the highest level and in support of the Secretariat. Country platforms are not theoretical. These have been used by governments and donors for over two decades, but without a guiding doctrine or learning agenda. There is the G-20, the World Bank, the United Nations Development Program and the OECD All have been confirmed The value of the supporting country’s platform.
The US Global Fragility Strategy pledges that “US embassies and missions will coordinate regular engagements with national government opponents, local civil society, and other stakeholders. Will review, align and adapt plans and programs based on. “
The emphasis of the strategy on establishing a coordinated process that will work adaptively based on stakeholder engagement and conflict analysis is well aligned with the growing international consensus to support the country platform and adaptive approach for greater impact. The country’s platforms could help streamline the US government’s efforts Anchoring Priority and mobility of their country.
Among the newly announced GFA pilot countries, Haiti The country has been experimenting with platforms for more than a decade (with limited success) and Libya is preparing to establish a platform with multilateral support. Achieving these processes across GFA pilot countries and regions will be critical to success.
The next step
The U.S. Global Vulnerability Strategy recommends comprehensive, ambitious, multidisciplinary reforms that could easily default to traditionally projected, isolated, and rigorous efforts to address systemic breakdowns in institutions, markets, and social contracts in fragile states.
However, the emphasis on resilience, adaptive management, and country coordination process is likely to be the driver of a major shift in realizing GFA and should guide its implementation. To accelerate U.S. inter-agency efforts between the GFA Senior-Level Steering Committee and the GFA Working Group to implement the strategy, while identifying important ways to move forward to promote more integrated, adaptive and resilient solutions to help these fragile states. The hardest place.